NLMK has a flexible production chain. Approximately 20% of our steel is produced using electric arc furnace (EAF-based) technology, and 80% is manufactured using basic oxygen furnaces (BOF) at one of the most economically run companies in the world: our site at Lipetsk. About 94% of our steelmaking capacity is located in Russia, next to our main sources of raw materials and close to key end users of our products (about 40% of our sales).

Production process:

  • production of pig iron in blast furnaces from raw materials
  • steel smelting in basic oxygen furnaces or electric arc furnaces
  • casting of semi-finished products (slabs or billets).

NLMK’s steelmaking capacities are located in close proximity to our raw material assets.

Process: The Group’s steelmaking operations are well balanced, using different methods: the basic oxygen furnace (BOF) route, representing over 80% (at the low-cost Novolipetsk site), is complemented by electric arc furnace (EAF) production, representing around 20% (at NLMK Russia Long, NLMK Europe Plate, and NLMK USA)


This balanced business model allows us to quickly and flexibly adjust our production according to the market situation. The steel produced by our Group in Russia is one of the lowest-cost products in the world. This is facilitated by proximity to the sources of our raw materials, the relatively low cost of energy and labour, and the highly efficient technology we use.

Over the last few years, NLMK has been actively developing its secondary metallurgy capacity. This has allowed us to expand our product mix to include high-quality grades of steel that are in demand on the market. Recently, this competitive advantage has allowed the Group to further expand its low-cost production base in Russia: in 2011, we commissioned a new blast furnace and basic oxygen furnace, increasing our steelmaking capacity by over a third. In 2013, we commissioned a next-generation EAF plant, NLMK Kaluga, with a capacity of approximately 1.5 million tonnes of steel. 

  • $206/t slab production cost at the main production site
  • Steel production capacity of more than 17 m t/y, 94% of steelmaking facilities are situated in Russia
  • 80%/20% BOF/EAF production ratio
  • 100% of steel undergoes secondary metallurgy treatment